PEG Derivatives by Structure

Polyethylene Glycol

Numerous scientific articles have reported the various applications of polyethylene glycol (PEG) derivatives. PEG usually can be functionalized by combining with other compounds through terminal functional groups. PEG and its detivatives have been widely used in chemical, biological, medical, industral and commercial fields. Taking the utilizaiton of these materials in medical and pharmaceutical fields as an example, their applications in a variety of research and development areas are expanding, such as medical devices, drug development, and diagnostics areas. PEG derivaties have been widely used in drug delivery, wound healing, cell culture models and tissue regeneration.

Polyethylene Glycol Powder

BOC Sciences provides our customers with a variety of PEG derivatives with low polydispersity, high reactivity and high purity. We have structurally diversified derivatives, including linear, branched and multi-arm PEGs, and functionally diversified derivatives containing multiple kinds of reactive groups, such as NH2, COOH, OH, SH, DSPE, OPSS, Fmoc, Boc, etc. Our products also include biotin and fluorescent labeled PEG derivatives.

BOC Sciences' products are easy to order and fast arrival. Our products with stable and high quality can meet all your needs from scientific research to commercial applications. The available PEG derivatives in BOC Sciences include methoxy liner PEG (mPEG), monodisperse PEG, homobifunctional PEG, heterobifunctional PEG, multi-arm PEG, lipid PEG, fluorescent PEG, biotin PEG and group protected PEG. If you cannot find the proper products in our product list, we can also provide customized PEGylation and PEG synthesis services according to your specific needs. We aim to provide our customers with high quality PEG products and all-round services.

Polyethylene Glycol Classification

The structural types of PEG can be classified according to their molecular weight. PEGs have a wide range of molecular weights, from a few hundred Daltons to several thousand Daltons. The most common structural types of PEG are PEG 400, PEG 600, PEG 1000, PEG 1500, PEG 2000, PEG 3000, PEG 4000, PEG 6000 and PEG 8000. The number in the PEG name corresponds to the average molecular weight of the polymer.

In addition, PEG, as a versatile polymer, has a variety of structural types and can be customized for specific applications. From forked PEG to monodisperse PEG, each structural type has unique properties that make it suitable for different applications in areas such as pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and industrial processes. PEG's ability to change its properties by attaching other molecules makes it an important tool in the development of new materials and technologies. Currently, a variety of PEG structure types have been developed to suit different applications, including forked PEG, Y-shaped PEG, branched PEG, dendritic PEG, multi-arm PEG, heterobifunctional PEG, homobifunctional PEG and monodisperse PEG. Each of these construction types has unique properties that make them suitable for specific applications.

Forked PEG

Forked PEG, also known as polyethylene glycol with a branched structure, is a versatile polymer widely used in various industries. It has multiple branches, or arms, extending from a central core, giving it a unique structure and properties compared to linear PEG. The branched structure of forked PEG gives it a higher molecular weight and more complex structure than linear PEG. This branching confers several advantages to forked PEGs, such as increased solubility in aqueous and organic solvents, improved biocompatibility, and enhanced stability in harsh environments. The branched structure of forked PEG also allows the attachment of multiple functional groups or molecules at different locations on the polymer chain. This versatility makes forked PEG a popular choice for a variety of applications, including drug delivery, tissue engineering, surface modification and industrial processes.

Forked PEG can be used to modify the surface of nanoparticles or drug molecules to improve their stability, solubility, and bioavailability. The branched structure of forked PEG allows attachment of targeting ligands, imaging agents, or other functional groups to enhance the specificity and efficacy of drug delivery systems. In tissue engineering, forked PEGs can be used to create hydrogels or scaffolds with tunable mechanical properties, degradation rates, and bioactivity. In industrial processes, forked PEGs are used as lubricants, dispersants or viscosity modifiers in a variety of formulations. The branched structure of forked PEG imparts unique rheological properties, such as shear thinning or thixotropic behavior, that can improve product performance and stability in applications such as paints, coatings, adhesives and personal care products.

Y-shaped PEG

Y-shaped PEG consists of a central PEG chain and two branches extending outward in a Y-shape, hence the name Y-shaped PEG. These branches can be functionalized with a variety of chemical groups, allowing precise control over the properties and applications of the molecule. One of the key characteristics of Y-shaped PEG is its ability to form stable and biocompatible conjugates with a variety of biomolecules, including proteins, peptides, and nucleic acids. This is due to the hydrophilic nature of the PEG chains, which helps protect biomolecules from the surrounding environment and reduces their immunogenicity. The branches of Y-shaped PEG can be modified to introduce specific targeting ligands or therapeutic agents, making it a versatile platform for developing targeted drug delivery systems.

In addition to its use in drug delivery, Y-PEG is also used in tissue engineering and the development of biomaterials for regenerative medicine. PEG's ability to mimic the properties of natural extracellular matrix components makes it an ideal candidate for scaffolds and matrices that support cell growth and tissue regeneration. By functionalizing the branches of Y-shaped PEG with cell-adhesion peptides or growth factors, researchers can create biomaterials that promote specific cell responses and tissue formation. The unique structure of Y-shaped PEG also allows the formation of self-assembled nanostructures with controlled size and shape. These nanostructures can be used as carriers for drugs or imaging agents, as well as for encapsulating sensitive biomolecules such as enzymes or antibodies. The biocompatibility of PEG ensures that these nanostructures are well tolerated by the human body, making them suitable for a wide range of biomedical applications. Additionally, the branches of Y-shaped PEG can be functionalized with imaging agents, such as fluorescent dyes or MRI contrast agents, allowing visualization of specific biomolecules or tissues in vivo.

Branched PEG

The structure of branched PEG consists of a central core and multiple arms or branches extending from it. These branches can vary in length and composition, allowing a high degree of control over the polymer's properties. The central core is usually a hydrophobic molecule, such as a small organic compound or a dendrimer, while the branches are composed of PEG chains. Branches can be connected to the central core through various chemical bonds, such as ester, ether, or amide bonds. One of the main advantages of branched PEG is its increased flexibility compared to linear PEG. The multiple branches of the polymer allow greater freedom of movement. This flexibility also contributes to the overall stability of the polymer, as the branches can move independently of each other, reducing the potential for tangles or aggregation. In addition, multiple branches of the polymer provide a greater number of reactive sites for the attachment of functional groups or other molecules.

Branched PEGs can be easily modified to incorporate specific functionality, such as targeting ligands, imaging agents, or drug molecules. A common application of branched PEG is in drug delivery systems, where multiple branches of the polymer can be modified to encapsulate drug molecules and target them to specific tissues or cells. Multiple branches of branched PEG can be functionalized with cell adhesion molecules or growth factors to promote cell attachment, proliferation, and differentiation. Branched PEGs can also be used to create 3D structures that mimic a cell's natural environment, thereby promoting cell growth and development.

Dendritic PEG

Dendritic PEG consists of a central core molecule with multiple branches extending outward, forming a three-dimensional structure commonly known as a dendrimer. One of the key features of dendritic PEGs is their ability to encapsulate and deliver a variety of bioactive molecules, such as drugs, proteins, and nucleic acids. The highly branched structure of dendritic PEG provides a large surface area for functionalization, allowing the attachment of targeting ligands, imaging agents, and other molecules that can enhance their therapeutic properties. This versatility makes dendritic PEG an attractive platform for the development of targeted drug delivery systems and diagnostics.

In addition to their applications in drug delivery, dendritic PEGs are also being investigated for their potential applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. PEG's biocompatibility, coupled with the ability to tailor its properties through dendritic branching, makes it an ideal candidate for scaffolds and matrices to support cell growth and tissue regeneration. By integrating bioactive molecules and signaling cues into dendritic PEG structures, researchers have been able to create materials that mimic the complex microenvironment of natural tissues and promote cell differentiation and tissue formation.

If you are interested in our products or have other molecular weights and functional groups requirements, please contact us immediately.

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BOC Sciences supplies a unique variety of PEG derivatives and functional PEG polymers. Our products offer the most diverse collection of reactivity, ready-to-use functionality, and molecular weight options that you will not find anywhere else.

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PEGylation of Peptides and Proteins

PEGylation of Peptides
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Reduce the Immunogenicity of Peptide/Protein Drugs

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