Coenzyme A & Derivatives

What is Coenzyme A?

Coenzyme A (CoA) is an important coenzyme molecule widely found in living organisms. It plays a key role in cellular energy metabolism, fatty acid synthesis, amino acid metabolism, and certain chemical reactions. The structure of Coenzyme A consists of three main components: adenine nucleotide (ADP), sulfhydryl group (mercaptoacetic acid), and ribose phosphate.

Structure of Coenzyme AFig. 1. Structure of Coenzyme A.

Types of Coenzyme A Derivatives

Acyl Coenzyme A (Acyl-CoA)

Acyl-CoA (Acyl CoA - Saturated Fatty Acid and Acyl CoA - Unsaturated Fatty Acid) is an esterification product formed by the combination of coenzyme A with certain organic acids. Acyl-CoA plays an important role in fatty acid metabolism and is a key intermediate in the synthesis, catabolism and energy production of fatty acids.

Coenzyme A Sulfhydrylamide (CoA-SH)

The sulfhydryl group (mercaptoacetic acid) of coenzyme A can undergo thioamide binding with certain compounds. Coenzyme A thioamides play an important role in cellular metabolism and are involved in the beta-oxidation of fatty acids as well as in the synthesis reactions of certain oxaloacetate coenzyme A.

Coenzyme A Diphosphate (CoA-AMP)

The adenosine diphosphate (ADP) portion of coenzyme A can undergo adenylation with certain compounds. Coenzyme A diphosphate is a product formed by the combination of coenzyme A with certain citrate analogs and plays an important catalytic role in certain metabolic pathways.

Coenzyme A Function

Fatty acid metabolism: Coenzyme A is involved in the synthesis, catabolism and energy production of fatty acids. It combines with fatty acids to form Acyl-CoA, which enables fatty acids to be metabolized within the cell. Acyl-CoA plays an important role in the β-oxidation of fatty acids, converting fatty acid molecules progressively into acetyl-Coenzyme A for energy production.

Energy metabolism: Coenzyme A is a key coenzyme in the tricarboxylic acid cycle (also known as the citric acid cycle or the Kearns cycle). It is involved in the oxidative breakdown of substrates such as glucose, fatty acids and amino acids into carbon dioxide and water to produce energy for cellular use. coenzyme A combines with citric acid and other intermediates to form acyl coenzyme A, which brings them into the tricarboxylic acid cycle.

Catalyst for certain chemical reactions: The sulfhydryl group (mercaptoacetic acid) of coenzyme A can be involved in certain chemical reactions such as acylation, carboxyl transfer, and sulfhydryl acetylation. The sulfhydryl group of coenzyme A can form thioamide bonds with certain compounds, thus participating in the catalytic process of these reactions.

Advantages of Coenzyme A & Derivatives

  • High-quality products: BOC Sciences' products undergo stringent quality control and testing to ensure compliance with international standards and customer requirements.
  • Rapid delivery: We have an efficient supply chain management and logistics system to deliver products on time.
  • Biotechnology expertise: We have years of experience and extensive knowledge in the field of biotechnology. In order to provide professional consultation and advice, our scientific team stays on top of the latest scientific and technological developments.

BOC Sciences offers high-quality coenzyme A & derivatives products based on expertise and experience, and provides technical support for these products. If you are interested in our products, please feel free to contact us.

Why BOC Sciences?

  • Large Stock

    More than 2000+ products in inventory

  • Global Delivery

    Warehouses in multiple cities to ensure fast delivery

  • mg to kg

    Multi specification for academic research and industrial production

  • 24/7 Technical Support

    Strict process parameter control to ensure product quality



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